This is called a mirage not the Miraj in our class but an illusion that is caused by atmospheric conditions. It occurs because of tir. It usually happens because of the temperature of the air. When tir happens we extrapolate and we see an image in the ground or water.
I learned that the reason roads look wet on hot days is because of refractions and mirages. The air near the road is heated so light refracts as it moves from warm air to cool air, because of the different densities. Our eyes see a virtual image of the car, making it seem like the image of the car is reflected onto a puddle.
This journal talks about how we may be seeing mirages on mars when looking at the pictures the Viking lander has sent back. At the distance it is placed at the image may show an inferior mirage.
This article talks about the phenomena of rainbows. It explains that the sun interacts with a "swarm" of rain droplets (sun's white light rays) via total internal refraction inside the rain droplets, and dispersion (refraction of the white light into the droplets, which converts the light energy into the lights within the visible spectrum that all have different angles relative to the normal, which means each color has a different speed which can be calculated by the product of the color's frequency of its waves, and its wavelength).
the earliest forms of lenses date all the way back in 750 BC. It is known as the Nimrud lens. They were made by polished crystal (usually quartz). Ancient Romans and Greeks used spheres filled with water as lenses. Glass lenses were thought of in the middle ages.
Something i found interesting about lenses is the fact that in mirrors, diverging mirrors cast light in more directions and concave focus it in one, but for lenses its the other way around, with diverging lenses focusing on one spot while concave diverge light.
Write something about yourself. No need to be fancy, just an overview.