Chemists from the University of Glasglow have revealed a new type of artificial intelligence, said to be able to distinguish between chemical reactions and find new molecules within these reactions. Algorithms are implemented into robots that help for them to identify synthesis reactions and the components comprised in them.
"Glow sticks actually contain two separate compartments, with two different chemical solutions. One solution, in the case of most glow sticks, contains a diphenyl oxalate compound, along with a dye whose identity varies depending on the desired colour. The other solution is one of hydrogen peroxide, a chemical recently featured in the ‘Everyday Compounds’ series, and is contained within an inner glass cylinder. This cylinder keeps the two solutions separate from each other, and prevents them from reacting. The action of snapping the glow stick breaks the glass cylinder, allowing the two solutions to mix and kicking of the reaction leading to the glow."
This article goes over the chemistry behind glow sticks. I researched what diphenyl oxalate is and I found it is a hydrocarbon since its chemical formula is C14H10O4. Although it mentions that part of the chemical reaction is oxidation,however it is not a form of combustion else we wouldn't have glow sticks. I found this fact interesting?
This article has many videos of different chemical reactions, although some of of the are only physical changes despite the name of the article.
In researching neutralization reactions, I realized that they are applied in the real world for lots of practical purposes and are actually very useful. For example, anti-acid medications that contain bases are used in heathcare to treat gastric patients by neutralizing the excess stomach acid. Another example is when limestone, a base, is added to acidic soil to neutralize it so that plans can grow in it.
This website provides details on some cool chemical reactions. They are very colourful and explosive and provide fun. The article has videos for you if you can’t find the chemicals.The website proves that science is interesting!
This article is about Tesla's recent patent for an improved waste water treatment system. Instead of the conventional three chamber system with an anion exchange membrane (AEM), cation exchange membrane (CEM), anodes and cathodes, the new system uses membrane concentration systems that let pure water through and reject the resulting acid and base concentrates. The water is reused, the acid and base can be used for other chemical reactions, and the system is more cost and power effective as well as lasting longer than the previous version.
Today inwas looking at one of my dads medicine and it showed various acids like citric acide and tartaric acid in the ingrediants as well as bases like sodium bicarbonate and sodium citrate. On the picture of the medicine it shows a glass with bubbles in it and i think that can be because CO2 is releases in the reaction since theres a bicarbonate ion.
This article talks about how scientists from the University of Tokyo of Agriculture and Technology discovered a catalyst poison, which can deactivate catalysts of the same type. For example, if you have a poisonous apple, if you injected this poisonous catalyst inside the apple, it will deactivate the chemical catalysts inside the apple, and then make it edible to eat. They were looking for Ruthenium catalysts to synthesize dienes, which are hydrocarbons that contain two carbon double bonds. By trying to find this, they accidentally came across dibenzocyclooctatetraene, which is the homogenous catalyst poison.
Researchers at NYU Tandon school have used artificial intelligence combined with infrared thermal imaging to hopefully find a new way to control and understand chemical reactions faster and more precisely than today's technology. This technique was made to take place quickly and with less harm to the environment. "This system can reduce the decision-making process about certain chemical manufacturing processes from one year to weeks, saving tons of chemical waste and energy in the process," said Ryan Hartman professor at NYU. This new system could change a lot in the world of chemistry and energy.
This article talks about sugar, being an unusual explosive. All explosions are characterized by a release of energy, the production of gas molecules, and a rapid rate of reaction. Burning sugar (chemically known as C12H22O11) produces energy immediately. For example, roasting a marshmallow over a fire. It has a high level of sugar in it, and that is why it flames like a torch. This process is called combustion.
Physicists from a University at Moscow, and a University from Denmark are close to finding a way to control chemical reactions. They created a algorithm that will help them look into large polyatomic molecules, and observe, and possibly control the electron motion.
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