Information can be recalled effectively for up to 10 minutes. After 10 minutes, your ability to remember information
decreases rapidly. By spending a few minutes reviewing material soon after you learn it, you can significantly reduce
the time needed to relearn the knowledge when you need it. A few other strategies help as well like applying Ideas to problems or unfamiliar situations and understanding concepts and relationships between ideas
Everyone has their own effective studying strategies that work for them, but here are some that work for me:
1. Cramming - Coming from someone with a history of poor time management, this has always been the go-to. But this isn't solely because of procrastination, but because I actually see the results I want to see. Seems counter-productive doing the majority of studying in 1 night, but it works quite well. This way it keeps the content you're reviewing fresh in your mind for the test the next day.
2. Explain the material out loud - try to teach and explain the material to people with different skill levels in the topic. And if you have nobody around, talk to yourself. If you can explain it properly that means you understand the material.
3. Reward yourself frequently - set small goals as you're studying and claim your reward when you reach that goal (phone time, food, etc.). This makes it more fun and takes some of the dread off.
You always hear the argument of extra hours of sleep vs. extra hours of studying. Some need more sleep than others, but I personally believe staying up the extra few hours to truly understand the material will go miles further than a couple extra hours of sleep. I would highly recommend trying this if you are someone who religiously says "eh I know enough, I'll be fine" and falls asleep.
In grade 12, we often get tested A LOT. So here are 5 study skills that can help accelerate our learning to help us ace these tests:
1. ELABORATIVE INTERROGATION
A great way to learn is to ask yourself questions. The main reason asking “why” questions seems to work is that it encourages you to integrate new facts with things you already know. Doing so improves your memory for the new fact by giving you more connections and ways to find it.
Pause from reading notes/textbooks periodically and explain to yourself what all this information means to you. You can do this after a section of text, or when studying an example problem. When trying to self-explain, you may find that you need to look back over parts of the text to fully understand what’s being said. The idea is that self-explaining encourages you to make inferences based on what you are reading and as you try to explain what you know, you also identify problems and so revise your explanation.
3. PRACTICE TESTING
Practice testing actively tests your memory and improves learning far more than passively reviewing material (like just staring at a page). Testing improves learning by exercising memory retrieval. When you answer a test question, you have to actively search your long-term memory. Doing so creates more and better pathways to the answer.
4. DISTRIBUTED PRACTICE
Space out your study time and not cram everything the night before a major test. By doing so, you re-start your memory for the topic during each study session. Once your memory for the topic is warmed up and moving, doing more is fairly easy.
5. INTERLEAVED PRACTICE
The idea behind interleaved practice is that you are better off mixing some area problems with some perimeter problems when you study. Don't just study one kind of problem. By interleaving the problems during your study sessions, you give yourself practice at telling the problems apart.
There are many study strategies that students adopt, but the most effective one in my opinion is to study with friends. For some people, this strategy would not be the best one, because friends can distract you from studying, and you might start talking about some other stuff. This strategy can be very helpful if everybody is committed to studying, and this way you can quiz each other. Also, if a person can explain a topic to another person, it shows that he has a good understanding of it, so if you are studying with friends, you can explain specific topics to each other.
Researchers conducted a study where they used 224 undergraduates from St. Lawrence University to test chewing gum and grades. It has shown that chewing gum before a test plays a role in recalling memory during a test. The chewing warms up the brain, a phenomenon called "mastication-induced arousal." A study done in the British Journal of Psychology suggests that chewing gum helps with concentration because it allows more oxygen into the brain. If you chew a certain flavour of gum while you study and chew the same flavour during the test, you are more likely to remember what you have studied.
According to research, retrieval practice and spaced learning are one of the best ways to study and retain information. Based on years of tested research in psychology, it's been shown that retrieval practice, essentially quizzing yourself and retrieving from your memory what you know about a certain topic helps you remember topics learned much better. Creating flash cards, sketching, and writing what you remember, and then checking your answer all show to be better ways of studying than just re reading notes alone. Also, spaced learning also showed to be an effective strategy. By spacing out the times you study, rather than cramming at the last minute, information was retained better. Small increments of studying spread out long term show to be more effective than one big giant session at the end. Combining these two methods show to be the most effective.
WISE Study Tips:
1. Time Management
2. Good Study Habits
3. The Ability to Set Attainable Goals
5. Good Note-Taking
6. Completion of Assignments
7. Review of Daily Notes
8. Organizational Skills
Keeping yourself organized will save you valuable time and allow you to do everything you need to do.
Dual coding is the process of combining verbal materials with visual materials. There are many ways to visually represent material, such as with infographics, timelines, cartoon strips, diagrams, and graphic organizers. When you have the same information in two formats - words and visuals - it gives you two ways of remembering the information later on. Combining these visuals with words is an effective way to study.
Many students believe the most beneficial way to study is revise and reread notes, however this is not the best route when trying to study for a major test/exam. Saying important information contained in your notes aloud in your own words is very effective. Being able to explain and teach the concepts out loud like a teacher helps you effectively understand and build upon your knowledge. Creating concept maps and using pictures is also an effective studying strategy. This helps train your brain to see if you actually understand the material in a visual form. Lastly, using examples to help relate key ideas is effective because this helps to connect thoughts and engage in the content. Simply reading and highlighting your notes isn’t effective studying because you are not engaged in the material. Next time you study, try utilizing the tips provided!
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